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National Institute of Health News

School nutrition policies reduce weight gain

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 15/01/2019 - 00:00
Implementing nutrition policies at middle schools limited unhealthy weight gains in students. The findings highlight an effective obesity prevention strategy in schools.

Physical activity helps reduce depression symptoms

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 15/01/2019 - 00:00
Researchers found that sleep problems, lack of energy, and physical inactivity may lead to a depressed mood. The findings reverse conventional wisdom that depression leads to physical inactivity.

Genes linked to abnormal bone density and fracture

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 15/01/2019 - 00:00
Using information from hundreds of thousands of people, researchers produced a detailed analysis of the genetic factors related to bone density.

Revealing gene regulation in the brain

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
A resource with information on gene regulation from more than 2,000 human brains yielded insights into mental illnesses and will enable future studies of human brain development and function.

Eating red meat daily triples heart disease-related chemical

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
People had high blood levels of TMAO, a chemical that’s been linked to heart disease, when they ate a diet rich in red meat.

Genetically modified houseplant cleans indoor air

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
Researchers genetically modified an indoor houseplant to purify certain airborne toxins commonly found in the home that have been linked to cancer.

2018 Research Highlights — Clinical Advances

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/12/2018 - 00:00
NIH accomplishments in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease include progress on preventing opioid overdoses, an antibody combination that suppresses HIV, and fecal transplants that restore gut microbes after antibiotics.

2018 Research Highlights — Promising Medical Advances

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/12/2018 - 00:00
NIH findings with potential for enhancing human health include vaccines against HIV, anthrax, and plague, a wearable ultrasound patch to track blood pressure, and a technique to regrow neurons across scarred spinal tissue.

2018 Research Highlights — Insights From the Lab

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/12/2018 - 00:00
Noteworthy NIH advances in basic research include new insights into cancer, identification of a human skeletal stem cell, and an experimental male contraceptive that blocks sperm movement.

Probiotics not helpful for young children with diarrhea

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/12/2018 - 00:00
A probiotic treatment did not show any benefit for young children brought to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis, which involves diarrhea and other symptoms.

Most ovarian cysts may not need surveillance

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/12/2018 - 00:00
Women with simple ovarian cysts detected by ultrasound didn’t develop ovarian cancer at elevated rates over the next three years, adding to evidence that these cysts aren’t dangerous.

Detecting prions in eyes

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/12/2018 - 00:00
Scientists detected abnormal prion proteins in multiple parts of the eye in people who died from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Appendix linked to toxic Parkinson’s protein

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 20/11/2018 - 00:00
A study suggests that the toxic protein buildup that’s linked to Parkinson’s may begin in the appendix.

New antibiotic for gonorrhea advances in trials

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 20/11/2018 - 00:00
A novel antibiotic called zoliflodacin cured most gonorrhea infections in a single dose. The findings pave the way for larger, more definitive trials.

Building an atlas of brain function in mice

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 20/11/2018 - 00:00
Researchers produced an atlas of brain cells in a region of the mouse hypothalamus that controls key social behaviors.

Preserving sperm stem cells restores fertility in mice

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 06/11/2018 - 00:00
Scientists stored stem cells that produce sperm for months and used them to restore fertility in male mice. The approach could potentially help young boys undergoing chemotherapy.

Method identifies disease-causing bacteria

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 06/11/2018 - 00:00
A sensitive test accurately screened blood samples for the presence of any of the more than 300 bacteria known to cause disease in people.

How the brain keeps track of time

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 06/11/2018 - 00:00
Researchers discovered a set of brain cells that keeps track of time in mice. The study suggests that there are separate brain circuits for recording information about time and places.

Antipsychotics not helpful for delirium in ICU

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 30/10/2018 - 00:00
A study suggests that the common practice of prescribing antipsychotic drugs to treat delirium in intensive care units may need to be reassessed.

Immune culprits linked to inflammation and bone loss in gum disease

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 30/10/2018 - 00:00
Researchers identified specific immune cells that, when triggered by bacteria, drive gum disease. The findings reveal potential treatment targets.

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