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National Institute of Health News

Diagnosing COPD

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/07/2019 - 00:00
A simple measurement can be used to diagnose clinically significant airflow obstruction, the key characteristic of COPD. The findings may lead to earlier detection and treatment.

Stress links poverty to inflammation and heart disease

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/07/2019 - 00:00
In people with lower incomes, stress-related brain activity was linked to more inflammation in the body. This may explain why people with lower incomes have a higher risk of heart disease.

Diversity enhances genomic analyses

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/07/2019 - 00:00
By exploring the genomes of non-European people, researchers identified new genetic variants associated with conditions like kidney disease and diabetes.

Social acceptance helps mental health after war trauma

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 25/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers found that acceptance and support from community and family may lessen the toll of mental health conditions experienced by former child soldiers.

Language patterns may predict psychosis

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 25/06/2019 - 00:00
In a proof-of-concept study, spoken language patterns predicted which people at risk for psychosis would progress to full psychosis within two years with 93% accuracy.

Gut microbe provokes release of inflammatory substance

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 25/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers discovered how a gut microbe linked to Crohn’s disease may stimulate immune cells to trigger inflammation.

Asthma cases dropped when air pollution declined

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/06/2019 - 00:00
Drops in outdoor air pollutants over a 21-year period in Southern California were associated with 20% fewer asthma diagnoses in children.

Artificial light during sleep linked to obesity

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/06/2019 - 00:00
Women who slept with a television or light on were more likely to gain weight and develop obesity. The findings suggest that turning off lights at bedtime could help keep off extra pounds.

Drug may slow development of type 1 diabetes

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 18/06/2019 - 00:00
An experimental drug called teplizumab may delay development of type 1 diabetes in people at high risk for the disease

How many steps for better health?

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers found that older women who took more steps per day had a lower risk of dying until 7,500 steps a day, beyond which the benefit leveled off.

Technique lowers risk of complications in heart valve replacement

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers devised a technique to avoid a fatal complication during a procedure to replace the heart’s mitral valve.

Microbiome influences risk of preterm birth

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 11/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers found that the vaginal microbiome changes substantially during pregnancy. Patterns of changes early in pregnancy may help identify women at high risk for preterm birth.

Rethinking inhaled steroids for mild persistent asthma

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/06/2019 - 00:00
In a short-term clinical trial, many patients with mild persistent asthma didn’t respond any better to inhaled steroids than placebo. The study suggests a way to help guide personalized treatments.

Gene deletion raises risk of kidney transplant rejection

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/06/2019 - 00:00
Kidney transplant recipients with two copies of a certain DNA sequence deletion had an increased risk of transplant rejection. This risk was highest when the donor had one or more copies of the intact sequence.

Machine learning reveals four types of sepsis

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 04/06/2019 - 00:00
Researchers used machine learning to identify four types of sepsis that may affect treatment outcomes. The findings could aid the development of better treatment strategies.

Eating highly processed foods linked to weight gain

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
When people ate a diet full of highly processed foods, they consumed more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet.

Engineered phages treat drug-resistant infection

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
Engineered phages were used to treat a teenager’s life-threatening antibiotic-resistant infection. The approach could be used to combat otherwise untreatable infections.

Understanding rheumatoid arthritis at the cellular level

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers identified ways that immune cells and joint cells interact to produce the inflammation and tissue damage seen in rheumatoid arthritis.

Biomarker identifies children who eat before blood tests

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 14/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers showed that levels of free fatty acids in the blood can help identify children who have eaten too close to a blood test for type 2 diabetes.

Blood test may detect myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 14/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers developed a blood test that, in a pilot study, accurately identified people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.

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