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National Institute of Health News

Eating highly processed foods linked to weight gain

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
When people ate a diet full of highly processed foods, they consumed more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet.

Engineered phages treat drug-resistant infection

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
Engineered phages were used to treat a teenager’s life-threatening antibiotic-resistant infection. The approach could be used to combat otherwise untreatable infections.

Understanding rheumatoid arthritis at the cellular level

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 21/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers identified ways that immune cells and joint cells interact to produce the inflammation and tissue damage seen in rheumatoid arthritis.

Biomarker identifies children who eat before blood tests

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 14/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers showed that levels of free fatty acids in the blood can help identify children who have eaten too close to a blood test for type 2 diabetes.

Blood test may detect myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 14/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers developed a blood test that, in a pilot study, accurately identified people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.

Gene expression signatures of Alzheimer’s disease

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 14/05/2019 - 00:00
A resource of gene expression patterns from the brain cells of people who had Alzheimer’s disease may enable advances in understanding how the disease develops.

Delayed treatment safe for some people with diabetic eye disease

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 07/05/2019 - 00:00
People with diabetic macular edema but good vision didn’t benefit from starting treatment before vision loss developed.

Scientists create speech using brain signals

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 07/05/2019 - 00:00
Scientists used brain signals recorded from patients with epilepsy to program a computer to mimic natural speech.

Nanoparticle robots sweep away biofilms

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 07/05/2019 - 00:00
Researchers developed microrobots that destroy and remove biofilms. After further development, the technology could be used for teeth, implants, and medical devices.

Gene therapy reverses rare immune disorder

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 30/04/2019 - 00:00
Eight infants with a rare genetic disorder had their immune systems repaired by a new gene therapy approach.

Injected liquid forms a gel in damaged heart

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 30/04/2019 - 00:00
In an animal study, a liquid biomaterial transformed into a gel at the site of damage after a heart attack. The findings could lead to new approaches for treating damaged tissues.

How ketamine relieves symptoms of depression

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 30/04/2019 - 00:00
Researchers uncovered how the fast-acting antidepressant ketamine’s effects are sustained over time. The insights may help guide the development of future treatments for mood disorders.

Antibiotics prescribed more often during telemedicine visits

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 23/04/2019 - 00:00
Researchers found that doctors treating children for respiratory infections were more likely to prescribe antibiotics during telemedicine visits than at urgent care or primary care clinics.

Drug helps people with rare chronic immune disorders

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 23/04/2019 - 00:00
An FDA-approved drug dramatically improved the health of people with rare chronic immune disorders called hypereosinophilic syndromes.

Bioengineered vessels transform into living blood vessels

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/04/2019 - 00:00
Bioengineered vessels that were implanted in people to aid with kidney dialysis matured into living blood vessels, showing that they can be integrated into human tissues.

Virus helps bacteria evade immune system

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/04/2019 - 00:00
Researchers discovered how a type of virus that infects bacteria can help the bacteria escape the immune system and cause chronic wound infections.

Small molecule targets cause of adult onset muscular dystrophy

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 09/04/2019 - 00:00
Researchers designed a small molecule that, in mice, blocks the mutated RNA responsible for adult onset muscular dystrophy. The findings suggest a new avenue to develop therapeutics.

Prescribing healthy foods could bring cost-effective benefits

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 02/04/2019 - 00:00
A sophisticated model estimated that healthy food subsidies could save billions in health care costs and prevent hundreds of thousands of heart disease deaths and diabetes cases.

Primate study shows progress with cryopreserved testicular tissue

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 02/04/2019 - 00:00
A live monkey produced with sperm derived from animals that had not yet undergone puberty is an important step toward offering young cancer patients a chance to have children in the future.

3D-printed bioreactor builds bone

NIH Recherche Médicale - mar, 02/04/2019 - 00:00
Bioengineers repaired jawbones in sheep using tissue grown in a 3D-printed bioreactor. The findings lay the groundwork for developing and testing the approach in people.

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